The Tuatha de Danann (pronounced Thoo-a day Du-non) is most accurately translated as the "tribe or people of Danu". Some attribute these words to Sanskrit which, if true, would place their origin the in Indus valley region of modern India/Pakistan, probably at the time when the Dravidians were escaping the invading Aryans (second millennium BCE). I haven't been able to find well-documented evidence to support this conjecture and so, while the conjecture abounds on the internet, I treat it as an interesting theory. Nevertheless, scholars do agree that Danu was the name of their Goddess, most probably Anu/ Anann. Ancient alien proponents would probably attribute the name "Anu" to the proposed alien race of Anunnaki, which again is pure conjecture and without evidence.
The Book of Invasions (Lebor Gebála Érénn compiled c.1150 CE) claims that the Tuatha de Danann came to Ireland riding in "flying ships" surrounded by "dark clouds". They landed on Sliabh an Iarainn (the Iron Mountain) in County Leitrim, where they "brought a darkness over the sun lasting three days". A line in the poem in The Book of Invasions illustrates how the local inhabitants may have felt about the newcomers, “The truth is not known, beneath the sky of stars, whether they were of heaven or earth.” Once again we are probably faced with a mixture of fact, mythology, and fiction because The Book of Invasions was written a few millennium after the arrival of the Tuatha de Danann and obviously the author of the poem is also unsure of what is true and what is legend. (Please note that I do not consider mythology and fiction to be synonymous.)
The Danann are generally described as tall and slim, powerfully built, and with red or blonde hair, blue or green eyes and pale skin. They didn't look anything like the inhabitants of the region and whether or not they were gods, they must certainly have look imposing. Not only that, but they arrived with four treasures, the Jewels of Eire:
So what did the Tuatha de Danann do with this technology when they arrived and what happened to them? Stay tuned, that's for the next post.
Follow your path,
I'm Dr. Dave, a modern druid. I lived and worked in Bolivia and Peru for over six years, where I and was trained by Andean Shamans, and today practice Druidcraft and contemporary shamanism.